During this 4 hour tour you’ll have the opportunity to look closely at the Acropolis and its fundamental role in the city. Your guide will accompany you around the monuments of the Acropolis Hill, bringing history and its protagonists to life, and breaking down its archaeological history, from construction to ruin, and from discovery to reconstruction. You’ll learn about the differences in the various types of architecture (such as Doric and Ionic) and how the ancient Greeks planned, designed, and executed these amazing structures. During the walk you’ll also visit the stunning new Acropolis Museum where the masterpieces of the Acropolis are displayed.
With this tour we offer you the opportunity to learn and discover much more than would be possible with a shorter tour. Upon meeting your guide, you will start your walk on Dionisiou Areopagitou Street, one of the most impressive streets of Athens, offering an extraordinary view of the southern slope of the Acropolis, where some of the most significant monuments stand. You will enter the archaeological area of the Acropolis on the southern slope to avoid the crowds and just to your right will be the most ancient theater in the world, the Theater of Dionysus. Nearby are the ruins of the Asklepeion of Athens, built in 429 BC following a plague that decimated the population.This temple was used as a sanctuary, a clinic, and a medical school. Your next stop is the Odeion of Herodes Atticus.
Before reaching the high point of the Acropolis, you will pass through the Beule Gate, part of the Roman fortifications. Right after that you will encounter a 13 meter high pedestal, known as the monument of Agrippa, on which the Athenians in 27 BC erected a statue of the Roman Marcus Agrippa, benefactor of the city. On your right you will see the Temple of the Athena Victory, also known as the Temple of Athena Nike. Soon you reach the Propylaea, one of the masterpieces of classical architecture. This imposing entrance was designed by the architect Mnesicles and built in 437-432 BC.
Finally you will appreciate the splendour of the Parthenon and learn about its history and see secrets of its construction. This unique temple, dedicated to the goddess Athena, was built of pentelic white marble. The architects of the classical temple, which was constructed and decorated from 447-432 BC, were Iktinos and Kallikrates. It is a Doric peripteral temple with 8 columns at the front and back and 17 columns on each side. Left of the Parthenon lies the Temple of Erechtheion built from 420-406 BC on the most holy site of the Acropolis, where the goddess Athena planted the olive tree, her sacred symbol.
Climbing down the Acropolis Hill you will reach the new Acropolis Museum, one of the most important contemporary works of architecture in Athens. The top floor (the Parthenon room) has the dimensions and orientation of the Parthenon. It has been rotated by 23 degrees in relation to the rest of the building so that the visitor has an immediate view of the monument. This marks the end of your Acropolis walking tour.